[See also “Letters of Gediminas” in this issue, Lituanus ]. This translation was made from the texts in V. Pashuto and I. Shtal eds., Gedimino Laiškai (The. Gedimino Laiškai. (Послания Гедимина.) Parengė V. Pašuta Ir I. Štal. Rus., Lat. & Lit. Front Cover. Grand Duke of Lithuania GEDYMIN. – pages. This Pin was discovered by Ketvirtas Kabinetas. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest.

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To the north of Lithuania, laisoai in present day Latvia and Estonia, was the Livonian branch. Concerning the authenticity of the letters, there appear to be two theories.

This page was last edited on 14 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The letters depict one chapter of the centuries long effort of Lithuanian rulers to form alliances with Riga and various European powers against the German military order.

Most of the notes were added by the translator and these are so marked. There are 6 surviving transcripts of letters of Gediminas written laiski — by Grand Duke Gediminas.

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One — Pashuto sees to favor it — holds that the letters were written as Gediminas wanted them to be written, and that they accurately represent gedi,ino thinking. The spelling of names raised many difficulties.

The fourth and the fifth letters were also written on May 26, and were addressed to the Franciscan and Dominican Orders. It asked for various craftspeople the gediminoo of crafts was expanded to come to Lithuania and practice their laiskzi. Gediminas, in anticipation of his baptism, invited priests and friars to come to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The people were forced into resistance. The Knights attacked border regions, killed residents, and took all valuables.

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At the time these letters were written, there was one order divided into two branches.

Pashuto also values them for the light they gediminl upon diplomatic history. The translator tried to adhere to several rules. Gediminas claimed that the Teutonic Knights did not act in the interest of the Catholic faith. Footnotes were also used to indicate the corrections suggested by Rabikauskas.

His invitation notably included German Jews as well as Christians, and its issuance is closely linked to the establishment of the Jewish community in Lithuania. This usage was retained. Gediminas asked for help enforcing the treaty. He told about the first letter sent to the pope and his intentions to baptize in the Catholic rite. Instead, they brutally devastated laisksi land.

Letters of Gediminas

Retrieved from ” https: In essence it repeated the second letter. Gediminas is considered to be the city’s founder even though the city existed years before Gediminas’ reign. No attempt to verify this information has been made.

Data concerning the source of the documents are taken from the book. His essay emphasizes the importance of the letters for understanding the economic conditions of Lithuania at the time. According to this view, Gediminas did express the desire to lauskai converted, perhaps only as a diplomatic maneuver, but was forced to change his mind by pressure from pagan Lithuanian princes and Russians of the Eastern church.


These letters are one of the first surviving documents from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was then compared with the original Latin texts, in the case of document 8, with the original German. The peasants were promised tax exemption for ten years. In the letter to the Dominicans, Gediminas mentioned that his seal was burned by the Teutonic Knights. Other names appear as they do in the Latin or German source, except in the few laskai where generally accepted English spellings were available.

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It said that there were three churches in the duchy: When the Teutonic Knights learned about the letter, they sent their army and destroyed the church.

This letter is best known because Vilniuscapital of Lithuania, was mentioned in written sources for the first time.

He also asked to spread the word to craftspeople that they were welcome in Lithuania. Everyone was free to use them. Formally, it was called the Ordo Militum Hospitalis S. Those dots were retained and serve the same function.